beginner's guide to essential oils

A Beginner’s Guide to Essential Oils

Are you curious about essential oils? Do you want to learn more about them and their potent powers? Welcome to the beginner’s guide to essential oils.

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I’ve been using essential oils in my hair and skincare routines for over a decade now so I thought I’d start writing more about them on this blog. They are potent little suckers made from plants, so if you want more natural ingredients in your hair and skin care, you’ve come to the right place.

Essential oils have emerged as a popular and versatile natural remedy in recent years, captivating the interest of many. These aromatic extracts from plants are more than just pleasant fragrances; they offer a wide array of therapeutic benefits. This beginner’s guide will illuminate the fascinating realm of essential oils, guiding you through their definition, extraction methods, and practical applications.

Essential oils are the concentrated essence of plants, packed with the compounds that give each plant its distinct aroma and healing properties. From the calming scent of lavender to the invigorating aroma of peppermint, essential oils have the potential to enhance your well-being in various ways. But to harness their power effectively, it’s essential to understand what they are, how they work, and how to use them safely.

As the popularity of essential oils continues to grow, so does the abundance of information and products available. This guide aims to provide clarity amidst the abundance, offering you a solid foundation to embark on your essential oil journey. Whether you’re interested in improving your health, enhancing your mood, or simply exploring the world of natural remedies, this guide will equip you with the knowledge needed to start your essential oil journey with confidence. So, let’s begin by unraveling the essence of essential oils.

A Beginner's Guide to Essential Oils

What Are Essential Oils?

Essential oils are nature’s potent aromatic compounds, prized for their unique fragrances and therapeutic properties. They are extracted from various parts of plants, including leaves, flowers, stems, bark, and roots, through methods such as steam distillation, cold-pressing, or solvent extraction. The result is a concentrated liquid brimming with the plant’s essence.

Imagine walking through a fragrant garden, inhaling the soothing scent of blooming flowers or the invigorating aroma of fresh herbs. Essential oils capture these natural scents in a small, potent bottle. These oils are not oily in the traditional sense; they are clear, volatile liquids that evaporate quickly when exposed to air. This volatility is what allows their aroma to disperse into the surroundings.

The essence of essential oils lies in their chemical composition. They contain a wide range of chemical compounds, including terpenes, phenols, alcohols, and esters, each contributing to their unique properties and potential therapeutic benefits. For example, the lavender essential oil’s calming effect can be attributed to its high content of linalool and linalyl acetate, which have relaxing properties.

How Are Essential Oils Extracted?

The extraction process of essential oils varies depending on the plant source. Steam distillation is the most common method, involving the use of steam to separate the oil from the plant material. Cold-pressing is used for citrus fruits, where the oil is mechanically squeezed from the peel. Solvent extraction, though less common, is employed for delicate flowers like jasmine.

The result is a highly concentrated oil that carries the aromatic and therapeutic essence of the plant from which it was derived. Note that because they are concentrated, essential oils should be used with care and respect for their potency.

Key Characteristics of Pure Essential Oils

Three key characteristics define essential oils:

1. Aroma: Essential oils are known for their distinct, often pleasing fragrances. These aromas can evoke various emotions and have a significant impact on mood and well-being.

2. Volatility: Essential oils evaporate rapidly at room temperature, releasing their aroma into the air. This property makes them suitable for aromatherapy and topical applications.

3. Concentration: Essential oils are highly concentrated, requiring dilution before use. A few drops can be incredibly potent, so it’s crucial to handle them with caution.

Understanding these fundamental aspects of essential oils sets the stage for exploring their diverse uses and benefits, which we will delve into in the subsequent sections of this beginner’s guide.

Most Common Types of Essential Oils

Now that we’ve explored what essential oils are and how they are extracted, let’s dive into the captivating world of the different types of essential oils and their wide-ranging uses and benefits.

There are hundreds of essential oils available, each with its unique scent and properties. While it’s impractical to cover them all, let’s look at some of the most commonly used and versatile essential oils:

Lavender: Lavender essential oil is celebrated for its calming and soothing properties. It’s often used to promote relaxation, alleviate stress, and aid in sleep.

Peppermint: Peppermint essential oil has a refreshing and invigorating aroma. It’s known for its ability to boost energy, ease headaches, and support digestion.

Tea Tree: Tea tree oil is prized for its potent antibacterial and antifungal properties. It’s commonly used for skin issues, such as acne and fungal infections.

Eucalyptus: Eucalyptus essential oil has a crisp, clean scent and is frequently used for respiratory support. It can help clear congestion and ease breathing difficulties.

Lemon: Lemon oil is known for its uplifting and refreshing scent. It’s used to boost mood, enhance focus, and as a natural cleaner.

Frankincense: Frankincense essential oil has a rich, resinous aroma and is often used in meditation and spiritual practices. It may also support skin health and reduce inflammation.

These are just a few examples, and there are many more to explore, each with its unique aroma and potential benefits. See which essential oils for hair are my favorite in my DIY hair spritz.

The Aroma Revolution: A Beginner's Guide to Essential Oils

Their Uses and Benefits

The uses and benefits of essential oils are diverse and can enhance various aspects of your life. Here are some common applications:

Aromatherapy: Inhaling the aroma of essential oils through diffusers or inhalers can have a profound impact on mood and emotions. Different oils can promote relaxation, reduce stress, or boost energy. Find my favorite diffuser scents for the home here.

Topical Application: Diluted essential oils can be applied to the skin for various purposes, such as massage, skincare, and addressing specific concerns like muscle soreness or insect bites. See how I incorporate them into my skincare here.

Household Cleaning: Many essential oils have natural antibacterial and antifungal properties, making them excellent additions to homemade cleaning products. See how I include them in my bathroom here.

Personal Care: Essential oils are often used in cosmetics and personal care products for their fragrance and potential skin benefits. I love them in my whipped shea body butter.

Health and Wellness: Some essential oils may support overall health and well-being, including immune system function, digestion, and respiratory health.

As you explore the world of essential oils, you’ll discover the remarkable versatility and potential benefits they offer.

How Does Aromatherapy Work to Improve Our Health?

Let’s dive deeper into aromatherapy and why you should invite more essential oils into your home. The fact is, we’re consuming too much plastic and toxins. From the processed and pesticide-treated foods that we routinely ingest, to the polluted water that we drink, to the synthetic fibers in our everyday surroundings, chemicals find their way into our bodies from everywhere.

These harmful substances enter our bloodstream through our skin, and when we inhale or ingest them. The burden of environmental toxins takes its toll on the body, and the mental, physical, and emotional stress that we face each day puts a strain on our nervous system as well. 

How does this relate to using essential oils? Essential oils do the opposite of environmentally man-made chemical products. They heal instead of harm. They bring relief to the body as opposed to taxing it. They deliver new life to our cells, instead of killing them off. More and more you can find scientific evidence pointing to the effectiveness of essential oils for a variety of health-related purposes.

Essential oils come from plants and therefore may work in a similar way as adding houseplants all around your home for air-cleansing. The distillation process captures the plant’s most powerful healing properties by way of that plant’s essence.

So if you’re diffusing essential oils into your immediate environment, you are, in a way, delivering very similar benefits as you would if coexisting with live plants. Perhaps even more so, because essential oils are claimed to have the highest level of healing power, as a result of their being extremely concentrated. 

In the same way that a toxic burden has a negative effect on the body, essential oils can be used to help the body heal, rejuvenate, and regenerate. More and more people are recognizing the value of holistic healing methods, some of which have been around for centuries. 

Perhaps it’s time to replace some of the chemical toxins in your cleaning and beauty routine with all-natural ingredients like essential oils.

A Beginner's Guide to Essential Oils

Are Essential Oils Safe, or Can They Be Toxic?

While essential oils offer a wide range of benefits, it’s crucial to use them safely, especially if you’re a beginner. These concentrated plant extracts can be potent and may cause adverse reactions if not used correctly. Here, we’ll discuss essential safety precautions to keep in mind when working with essential oils.

Dilution Guidelines

Essential oils are highly concentrated, and applying them directly to the skin in their undiluted form can lead to skin sensitivities or allergic reactions. To ensure safe use:

  • Always dilute essential oils with a carrier oil (such as jojoba, coconut, or almond oil) before applying them to the skin.
  • A common dilution ratio for adults is 2-3 drops of essential oil per teaspoon of carrier oil.
  • For children, the elderly, or individuals with sensitive skin, use an even lower dilution ratio.
  • Perform a patch test by applying a diluted mixture to a small area of skin to check for any adverse reactions before widespread use.

Allergies and Sensitivities

Individuals can have allergies or sensitivities to specific essential oils. It’s essential to:

  • Research and be aware of any known allergies or sensitivities you or your family members may have to specific essential oils.
  • Start with a small amount when trying a new essential oil and monitor for any adverse reactions.
  • Discontinue use immediately if you experience any irritation, redness, or discomfort.

Proper Storage

Essential oils are sensitive to light, heat, and air, which can degrade their quality over time. To ensure longevity and effectiveness:

  • Store essential oils in dark-colored glass bottles in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and heat sources.
  • Keep the bottles tightly sealed to prevent oxidation.
  • Label each bottle with the date of purchase to track their freshness.

By adhering to these safety precautions, you can enjoy the benefits of essential oils while minimizing the risk of adverse reactions or degradation of the oils.

In the next section of this beginner’s guide, we’ll explore various methods of applying essential oils, from topical use to aromatherapy and inhalation, helping you discover how to incorporate these oils into your daily life safely and effectively.

A Beginner's Guide to Essential Oils

Are Essential Oils Safe for Dogs and Cats?

Essential oils may not be safe for your dog, cat, or other pet. While some suggest calming lavender for dogs, it is best to err on the side of caution when it comes to our sensitive furry and four-legged friends. 

The exception is the popular “flea and tick” repellent recipe for dogs that contains a mix of peppermint oil, clove oil, and lemongrass or citronella oil. Mix up in a spray bottle, fill with water and spray your dog before he heads outdoors.

Your dog probably won’t care for this odor, unfortunately, but it won’t make him sick or cause a toxic reaction. Pets are also much more sensitive to smells than we are. However, a scent from an essential oils diffuser should not cause problems for your pet. 

If you do notice any unusual symptoms, consult with your vet for guidance.

If your dog seems nervous, a walk and a potty break should ease his tension without the need to put essential oils on him. 

How to Use Essential Oils Effectively

Now that you understand what essential oils are and how to use them safely, let’s explore the various methods of applying these aromatic extracts for their therapeutic benefits. Essential oils offer a wide range of application options, making them versatile tools for enhancing your well-being.

Topical Application

Topical application involves applying diluted essential oils directly to the skin. Here’s how to do it safely:

Dilution: Always dilute essential oils with a carrier oil to prevent skin irritation. The dilution ratio can vary depending on the oil and your specific needs.

Massage: Essential oils are commonly used in massages to relax muscles and promote a sense of well-being. Blend a few drops of essential oil with your chosen carrier oil and gently massage it into the skin.

Skincare: Incorporate essential oils into your skincare routine to address specific skin concerns. For example, tea tree oil can help with acne, while lavender oil may soothe irritated skin.


Aromatherapy harnesses the power of scent to influence mood and emotions. There are several ways to enjoy aromatherapy with essential oils:

Diffusers: Use an essential oil diffuser to disperse the aroma of your chosen oil into the air. This can help create a relaxing atmosphere at home or work.

Inhalers: Personal inhalers are portable devices that allow you to inhale essential oil vapors discreetly. They are great for on-the-go relaxation or focus.


Inhaling essential oils can have immediate effects on your mood and well-being. Here are some inhalation methods:

Steam Inhalation: Add a few drops of essential oil to a bowl of hot water, lean over it with a towel covering your head, and inhale the steam. This method can help clear congestion and ease respiratory discomfort.

Direct Inhalation: Place a drop of essential oil on a tissue or your palms, rub your hands together, and cup them over your nose and mouth. Breathe deeply to enjoy the aroma.

Ingestion (if applicable)

While some essential oils are safe for internal use, it’s crucial to exercise caution and follow expert guidance when considering this method. Not all oils are suitable for ingestion, and it’s essential to use food-grade essential oils specifically labeled for this purpose.

The methods of applying essential oils are diverse, allowing you to tailor your use to your specific needs and preferences. Experiment with different methods to discover how essential oils can best enhance your overall well-being. In the next section, we’ll explore the art of blending essential oils to create custom aromas and therapeutic blends for various purposes.

Beginner's Essentials: Navigating the World of Aromatherapy with Oils

Essential Oil Blends – Diffuser Recipes

One of the best and easiest ways to enjoy the amazing healing benefits of essential oils is by diffusing them through the air of your home or office. Each oil has its own unique aromatherapy profile and organic makeup with varying strong points. But despite the differences, you can count on nearly every essential oil to cleanse and purify the air by effectively chasing away germs, fungi, and bacteria. So if you’re breathing bad air, and most of us are, essential oils can help.

Some are more effective at purifying than others, but in general, germs do not care for the potent aroma of essential oils. So no matter which oil or blend of oils you choose to drop into your aromatherapy diffuser, you can feel good knowing that the air you breathe will be cleaner than when you started. 

In addition to cleansing and purifying, essential oils are prized for their effectiveness as aromatherapy. Each aromatic plant has its own chemical makeup which affects the nervous system and senses in a unique way. Lavender is long-prized for its calming properties. When we breathe lavender, we experience the natural, mildly sedating effect of this healing herb. Rose and lemon produce mental clarity and an enhanced mood. 

Add these to your essential oils diffuser any time you’d like to indulge the senses and create a mood while purifying the air of your home, office, or other personal space. 

You only need 1, 2 or 3 drops of each essential oil. The more pungent and powerful oils such as cinnamon, bergamot, thyme, and coriander, should be dropped in at a ratio of 1:2 when paired with milder scents like rose, lavender, jasmine, chamomile and others. 

Feel free to have a fun time making up your own interesting and delicious-smelling essential oil blends! 

A Beginner's Guide to Essential Oils

Restful Rose Blend

  • 2 drops rose
  • 3 drops geranium 
  • 3 drops lavender

Sweetest Musk – Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang and Vanilla

  • 2 drops sandalwood
  • 3 drops ylang ylang
  • 2 drops vanilla

Evening Attar – Jasmine, Sandalwood and Neroli

  • 3 drops sandalwood
  • 3 drops jasmine
  • 2 drops neroli

“The Happy Hippie” – Patchouli, Sweet Orange and Nutmeg

  • 3 drops patchouli
  • 2 drops orange oil
  • 2 drops nutmeg

Sunny Morning – Vetiver, Grapefruit and Rose Geranium

  • 2 drops vetiver
  • 2 drops grapefruit
  • 3 drops rose geranium

Citrus Burst – Orange, Lemon, Lime, Clove, Bergamot and Vetiver

  • 1 drop orange
  • 2 drops lemon
  • 1 drop lime
  • 1 drop clove
  • 1 drop bergamot
  • 2 drops vetiver

Afternoon Snooze – Lavender, Chamomile and Ylang Ylang

  • 2 drops lavender
  • 2 drops chamomile
  • 1 drop ylang ylang
Starting Your Aromatherapy Journey: The Essential Oils Primer

DIY Projects with Essential Oils

Now that you’ve learned the basics of essential oils, their safety precautions, and how to blend them effectively, it’s time to put your knowledge into action with some practical do-it-yourself (DIY) projects. These projects are not only fun but also offer valuable ways to incorporate essential oils into your daily life.

Making Perfumes with Essential Oils

Creating your own natural perfume allows you to customize your signature scent while avoiding the synthetic chemicals found in commercial fragrances. Here’s a simple DIY perfume recipe:


  • Jojoba oil or fractionated coconut oil (as a carrier)
  • Your choice of essential oils (e.g., lavender, rose, ylang-ylang, citrus oils)


  1. Choose a small glass perfume bottle or rollerball container.
  2. Fill the bottle about 3/4 full with your carrier oil.
  3. Add your chosen essential oils in a ratio of about 10-15 drops per 1 ounce (30 ml) of carrier oil.
  4. Close the bottle and gently roll it between your palms to mix the oils.
  5. Allow your perfume to mature for a few days to allow the scents to blend and develop.

Experiment with different essential oil combinations to find a scent that resonates with you.

Homemade Cleaning Products

Essential oils can be powerful additions to your cleaning routine due to their natural antibacterial and antifungal properties. Here’s a simple recipe for an all-purpose cleaner:


  • 1 cup distilled water
  • 1/4 cup white vinegar
  • 10-15 drops of essential oils (e.g., tea tree, lemon, lavender)


  1. Mix the distilled water and white vinegar in a spray bottle.
  2. Add your chosen essential oils.
  3. Shake well before each use.
  4. Use the homemade cleaner to clean countertops, surfaces, and even glass.

This DIY cleaner not only cleans effectively but also leaves a pleasant, natural scent.

Relaxing Bath Blends

Transform your bath into a spa-like experience by adding essential oils to your bathwater. Here’s a soothing bath blend recipe:


  • 1 cup Epsom salt
  • 10-15 drops of essential oils (e.g., lavender, chamomile)


  1. Dissolve the Epsom salt in warm bathwater.
  2. Add your chosen essential oils and agitate the water to disperse them evenly.
  3. Soak and relax in the aromatic bath for at least 20 minutes.

This bath blend can help you unwind, relieve stress, and promote relaxation.

These DIY projects are just the beginning of the creative ways you can incorporate essential oils into your daily life. As you become more familiar with essential oils and their properties, you can experiment with additional projects and find new ways to enjoy their benefits. In the next section, we’ll address common myths and misconceptions about essential oils to ensure you have accurate information on this fascinating subject.

Essential Oil Myths vs. Facts

As you delve into the world of essential oils, it’s important to separate fact from fiction. There are many myths and misconceptions surrounding essential oils, and having accurate information is crucial for safe and effective use. Let’s address some common myths and provide the facts:

Myth: Essential Oils Can Cure All Ailments

Fact: While essential oils have numerous potential benefits, they are not a cure-all. They can complement a healthy lifestyle and support well-being, but they should not replace medical treatment for serious illnesses. Always consult a healthcare professional for medical concerns.

Myth: All Essential Oils Are Safe for Ingestion

Fact: Not all essential oils are safe for internal use. Some essential oils can be toxic when ingested or cause adverse reactions. Only use essential oils labeled as food-grade or suitable for ingestion, and do so under the guidance of a qualified aromatherapist or healthcare provider.

Myth: Essential Oils Are Harmless Because They Are Natural

Fact: Essential oils are natural but potent. They can cause skin sensitivities, allergic reactions, or adverse effects if used improperly. Dilution and safety precautions are crucial.

Myth: Essential Oils Are Safe for Pets and Children Without Precautions

Fact: Essential oils should be used with caution around pets and children. Some oils can be toxic to animals or cause skin sensitivities in children. Always research pet and child-safe oils and use them in a diluted form, if at all.

Myth: More Is Better When Using Essential Oils

Fact: Using excessive amounts of essential oils can be counterproductive and may increase the risk of adverse reactions. Follow recommended dilution guidelines and start with a minimal amount to assess your sensitivity.

Myth: Essential Oils Don’t Expire

Fact: Essential oils do have a shelf life. They can oxidize and lose their potency over time. Proper storage in dark glass bottles and away from heat and light can extend their shelf life, but it’s essential to replace old oils when they no longer have their characteristic aroma.

By dispelling these myths and relying on accurate information, you can use essential oils safely and effectively to enhance your well-being.

In the next section, we’ll discuss how to select and store essential oils to ensure you get the most out of your aromatic journey.

Buying and Storing Essential Oils

Selecting and storing essential oils correctly is essential to ensure their quality, potency, and effectiveness. In this section, we’ll explore how to make informed choices when purchasing essential oils and how to properly store them for long-lasting use.

Choosing High-Quality Oils

Research Brands: Look for reputable brands known for their commitment to quality. Read customer reviews and seek recommendations from trusted sources.

Purity Matters: Ensure the oil is 100% pure essential oil with no additives, fillers, or synthetic fragrances. Check the label for purity.

Botanical Name: Each essential oil should be labeled with its botanical name (e.g., Lavandula angustifolia for lavender). This ensures you’re getting the correct species.

Source and Extraction: Know where the oil was sourced and how it was extracted. Some oils are best when sourced from specific regions.

Price Reflects Quality: High-quality essential oils may be more expensive, but they are worth the investment for safety and effectiveness.

Proper Storage Techniques

Dark Glass Bottles: Essential oils should be stored in dark-colored glass bottles to protect them from light, which can degrade their quality.

Cool and Dry: Store essential oils in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight, heat sources, and moisture. A wooden or metal box is an excellent storage option.

Seal Tightly: Ensure the bottle is tightly sealed after each use to prevent oxidation.

Label Bottles: Label each bottle with the name of the oil and the date of purchase to track freshness.

Shelf Life: Essential oils have varying shelf lives, typically ranging from 1 to 5 years or more. Some oils, like citrus oils, may have a shorter shelf life.

Patch Test: Before using an oil that has been stored for an extended period, perform a patch test to check for any changes in its aroma or any adverse reactions on the skin.

By carefully selecting high-quality oils and storing them correctly, you can ensure that your essential oils remain potent and effective for an extended period, allowing you to enjoy their benefits over time.

In the final section of this beginner’s guide to essential oils, we’ll recap the key points discussed and offer some guidance on your next steps in exploring the world of essential oils.

Beginner’s Guide to Essential Oils

In this Beginner’s Guide to Essential Oils, we’ve embarked on a journey through the fascinating world of these aromatic plant extracts. From understanding what essential oils are and their various types to learning how to use them safely and effectively, you’ve gained valuable insights into how these natural wonders can enhance your well-being.

We’ve explored the art of blending essential oils to create customized aromas and therapeutic blends, empowering you to tailor your aromatherapy experience. You’ve also discovered practical DIY projects that allow you to incorporate essential oils into your daily life, from crafting personalized perfumes to making natural cleaning products and soothing bath blends.

By addressing common myths and misconceptions, you’re now equipped with accurate information to navigate the world of essential oils with confidence. We’ve also discussed the importance of selecting high-quality oils and proper storage techniques to ensure your essential oils remain potent and effective over time.

As you continue your journey into the world of essential oils, remember that patience and experimentation are key. Each essential oil has its unique aroma and properties, and the more you explore and experience, the better you’ll understand their potential to support your physical, emotional, and mental well-being.

Some images from Depositphotos

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